It was over the next 5 years 1965 - 1970 that Abhay became involved with APRA and APRANET, even attending a meeting at the pentagon for the Defence Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) to discuss communication security before getting involved in the Network Working Group whilst working on his MBA at MIT.
It was in one of these meetings where Abhay took the ownership of “a file transfer protocol” having been working with Steve Crocker, Jon Postel, Mike Padlipsky, Vincent Cerf and many more. The group would discuss, build, test and write Requests For Comments (RFC’s) working on a whole host of networking solutions such as TCP/IP, FTP and the email address with different members being tasked with the write up.
FTP - for which Abhay was the author - went on to be the foundation for pushing files from one system to another whether that’s sharing information across branches, uploading to your blog, or to share files securely. It has been expanded, updated and built upon but FTP remains a huge part of the computing world and Abhay is recognised here for his part in it.
Read more: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc114https://www.mappingthejourney.com/single-post/2017/09/15/episode-9-interview-with-abhay-bhushan-author-of-file-transfer-protocol/https://www.scmagazineuk.com/ftp-comes-of-age-as-considerations-made-on-how-practicality-is-over-riding-security/article/560138/
|Grace Murray Hopper|
From a young age it was apparent that the budding mathematician had a drive to discover, taking apart the family alarm clocks at age 7 just to see how they worked. The same drive saw her through university and her PhD, despite being only 1 of 10 students on a doctoral program of which only 4 were women.
It was this drive that also led her to take a leave of absence from teaching to join the US Navy as part of their Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES) program where she graduated first in her class and gained the rank of lieutenant, aiding in the war effort by working on the Mark series of computers.
Working on and off for the rest of her life in the navy, research positions and as a consultant she filled her days with innovating, teaching and thinking outside of the box. One such innovation was her belief that computing could be further used and more widely adopted if it could be written in a human readable way.
She went on to create an operational compiler at a time when many believed that computers couldn’t - or indeed shouldn’t - communicate in English. Instead, she pushed for its use in business tasks like billing and payroll calculation. Later the FLOW-MATIC compiler she had worked on became the basis of COBOL, a language used by up to 80% of all code in existence including in the Navy whom Grace persuaded to adopt the new language.
Whilst this extremely brief summary does not skim the surface of this inspirational woman, her contribution to the world of computing has been phenomenal.
An interesting fact is that Grace Hopper was the finder of a moth in one of the early computers which was causing chaos on the system itself. This later led to the widespread use of the word ‘bug’ to mean a fault in a computer.
Read More: Grace Hopper and the invention of the Information Age (Book) http://www.amazingwomeninhistory.com/amazing-grace-hopper-computer-programmer/http://www.cs.yale.edu/homes/tap/Files/hopper-wit.html
Whilst the youngest member of the five being discussed, he was accredited as one of the top 100 innovators around the world by an MIT Technical Review in 1999 for his work on Open Source projects like Apache Group - of which he is a co-founder - and his work in 1994 when he innovated the web by creating procedures to update web page storage by transmitting information only when a change had been created.
He later began work with Tim Berners-Lee as part of the WWW Consortium (W3C) helping with standardisation of WWW protocols being an active member of several working groups such as HTTP, HTML and URI.
It was Frances work in compiler optimisation that gained her the plaudits, after she read the FORTRAN programming manual and became interested in the field. She continued in this vane for the rest of her IBM career, working on some of the earlier supercomputers within the organisation such as Stretch.
Part of this optimisation was the use of her mathematics knowledge to gain computational advantages when analysing data sets. She gained many awards for the work including IBM, ACM and IEEE fellowship for her work in making the programs people loved to use, better.
In 2006, Frances was awarded the ACM Turing Award, a prize given for those who have contributed lasting and major technically important work in the computing field for her years of dedication. Additionally, she is one of the Women In Technology Internationally (WITI) hall of famers.
Read More: https://amturing.acm.org/award_winners/allen_1012327.cfmhttp://www.computerhistory.org/fellowawards/hall/frances-allen/https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/witexhibit/wit_hall_allen.html
Read More: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4627https://www.crockford.comhttp://www.json.org/fatfree.html
Who would go on your list of Integration Innovators? Feel free to comment and I can add them to Part ‘N’ of what I hope to be a little series over the next year.